Audio | Poets reflect on the legacy of Amiri Baraka, lyrical warrior and preeminent jazz historian

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The poet, jazz critic, activist and playwright Amiri Baraka was a man of letters — which, for him, meant being a man of action.

Baraka, who died on Jan. 9, began his writing career as a student a Howard University, when he was known as LeRoi Jones; studying under the radical poet and folklorist Sterling Brown, he imbibed a vision of Black identity that tied the cultural triumphs of the past with a will to outwit and outclass oppression from the grassroots level. The lessons he garnered as a college student and an avid listener on D.C.’s pulsating jazz scene would inform his landmark ethnomusicological book, 1963′s Blues People, which gave voice to the African roots of jazz music and its extensions.

Baraka moved to New York City in the 1950s without graduating, and became a young figurehead of the beatnik scene. He earned the admiration of poets ranging from Allen Ginsberg to Langston Hughes, then moved to Harlem and helped to found the Black Arts Movement. Baraka began to treat all of his work — poetry, playwriting and criticism — as a form of activism on behalf of Black self-advancement, in the United States and abroad. He later moved back to his hometown of Newark, N.J., and assisted in the campaign of Kenneth A. Gibson, who became the city’s first Black mayor. Baraka continued to maintain a connection to D.C., then very rightly known as Chocolate City, performing his spoken-word poetry and fostering relationships with younger voices.

The week after his passing, I spoke about Baraka’s legacy with two of his D.C.-based protégés, the poets Kenneth Carroll and Tony Medina, during “On the Margin,” a radio show I co-host on WPFW 89.3 FM. The following week, my co-host Josephine Reed and I continued the Baraka-inspired conversation with his longtime friend and collaborator A.B. Spellman, himself a noteworthy poet and critic. This time the emphasis fell more broadly on the Black Arts Movement — its radical context and continuing influence. Both of these episodes (the first of which includes clips of Baraka reading his poetry) are available for streaming below.



Giovanni Russonello

About Giovanni Russonello

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Giovanni is the founder of CapitalBop, and a music critic for the New York Times. He previously served as a contributor to the Washington Post, the FADER, JazzTimes, NPR Music and others, and hosted “On the Margin,” a books show on WPFW-FM. As head of CapitalBop, he has covered the D.C. jazz scene since 2010. (He is no longer directly involved in the presenting of CapitalBop's concerts.) He graduated from Tufts University with a bachelor’s degree in history, with a focus on African-American history. Reach Giovanni at Reach Giovanni at

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  1. Thank you for finding the time to reach us and teach us how this man was a true intellectual, but also the funniest man I ever met. Richard Pryor personified ten times with an intellect as wide as the sky is high.

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